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Conegliano, the elegant city of Cima


A visit to the northern-most areas of the Marca, among hillside vineyards and Prealps, begins in Conegliano. The city was erected around the foot of the tenth century fortress and it flourished in the Renaissance epoch, period of the painter G. B. Cima.


In front of the station the Scalinata degli Alpini (Alpine Stairway) welcomes us. At the top of the climb we find Piazzetta XVIII Luglio with its marble covering of the fifteenth century well. In front of us there is Piazza Cima with its neo-classical Teatro Accademia and the historical Via XX Settembre, flanked by elegant frescoed buildings from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries. Towards the left you find the Loggia of the Scuola S. Maria dei Battuti (fourteenth century) frescoed by Pozzoserrato, which acts as a façade to the Cathedral (1354) where an altarpiece by Cima thrones the altar. Beyond Porta Dante you will find the Fontana del Nettuno (1838).


Turning back you can continue on the other side of the road, where you will pass by Palazzo Sarcinelli (1518),where numerous exhibitions take place, and the ex Monte di Pietà, today a hotel, with its completely frescoed façade (1524).

Passing through Porta Monticano* and over the Ponte della Madonna bridge, you can see the fourteenth century Casa del Re di Cipro among recently built edifices. Walking along via XI Febbraio and crossing over Piazza IV Novembre you will reach the Chiesa di SS. Martino e Rosa. Returning to Piazza Cima, we reach the House of Cima alongside the theatre, and on the corner, the fifteenth century Casa Sbarra.


Walking further uphill, past the cross-road with via de Amicis delimited by the walls of the ex Convent of S. Francesco,


the suggestive via Madonna della Neve begins,


coasting the antique Mura Carraresi walls that rise towards the Castle.



In the Bell-Tower, the only surviving one of the four original towers of defense fortress, you will find the Civic Museum.

The archaeological section of the castle`s Museum includes a collection that goes from prehistory to history and relates to a broad collection area. Besides the most ancient findings, materials of the Ferrera site are present: lythic and clays between fragments of square necked vases. Neolithic characteristics in northern Italy are the Costa ceramic findings, who dates back to the middle,recent and final phases of the Bronze Age (XV-XI century, B.C.).
Two swords and two axes from the middle of the Bronze Age (XV century B.C.) are exhibited, one of the XVIII century B.C. and one of the beginnings of the Iron Age: lastly, there is a collection of Roman findings form the centuriation area of Campolongo.


* Porta Monticano: cited in as early as 1309, it is the oldest of the city`s doors. Renovated by Scaligeri and Carraresi, its exterior facade features a fresco depicting the lion of ``San Marco andante``, by Giovanni Antonio de` Sacchis, known as ``Il Pordenone``. The name of the fresco is due to the lion`s pose, as it holds its hind legs on the Venetian lagoon, while its fore legs are reaching forward to conquer the mainland.

Tradition says that the open book on the lion`s paws is a symbol of the pacific process with which the city submitted to Venice`s rule. Near the lion are frescoes of Justice and the crests of the Podestas, sent by the Venice government, which replaced them every 16 months to prevent corruption with local politicians. The interior facade features a copy of the ``andante`` lion in sculpted stone, the original of which was sculpted by the French who reached the city at the end of the seventeen hundreds, and is now at the castle museum. After passing through the door towards the centre, visitors may turn the right on Calle degli Asini, whose name originated from a battle between the people of Conegliano and Treviso in 1231. Victorious, the former were carried on their adversaries` shoulders along the steep street to the hill where the castle sits. 




Links
Pdf
1 Conegliano - città del Cima.pdf
2 Conegliano, the elegant city of Cima.pdf

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